Organizational behavior as an applied field at present, the two sides of organizational behavior are moving at cross directions regarding the issue of basic versus applied research. Oct 31, 20 the independent variables of research included dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior and the dependent variables included dimensions of organizational commitment. The integrity of independent variables in behavior analysis. Oct 09, 2010 the dependent variables dependent variable a response that is affected by an independent variable what organizational behavior researchers try to understand. The concepts of change and stress are included in exhibit 17, acknowledging the dynamics of behavior and the fact that work stress is an individual, group, and organizational issue.
Weiek, 1966, and it is the purpose of this article to present an analysis. May be qualitative such as student gender, type of community organization, or type of college or quantitative e. B the dependent variables ppt1 28 1 primary dependent. In this chapter the definition of organizational behavior will be discussed. Customer loyalty is a direct consequence of customer satisfaction. The independent variables independent variables can be independent variable the presumed cause of some change in the dependent variable. The dependent variables contd productivity a performance measure that includes effectiveness and efficiency. In organizational behavior research, the most popular dependent variables are productivity, absenteeism, turnover, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Dependent variables are the key factors that you want to explain or predict and. It is possible to have multiple independent variables or multiple dependent variables. A mediator is a variable that fully or partially transmits the effects of one or more independent variables to one or more dependent. Organisational behaviour with examples, discuss dependent. In analyzing organizational behavior, variables are divided into two categories. Define dependent variables in organisational behaviour.
Accurate and reliable description and observation of both the independent and dependent variables are necessary to achieve this goal. Hence, if the number of independent variables is large, it gets difficult to reach the conclusion. The human resource management performance link staff. Researchers who study organizational performance in this way typically devote little attention to the complications of using such a formulation to characterize the causal structure of performance phenomena. Organizational performance as a dependent variable. A dependent variable is the key factor that you want to explain or predict, and that is. Effects of organizational culture on organizational. The dependent variables contd job satisfaction a general attitude not a behavior toward ones job. For instance, in multivariable calculus, one often encounters functions of the form z f x, y \displaystyle zfx,y, where z is a dependent variable and x and y are independent variables. Types of study variables free download as powerpoint presentation.
The independent variable and dependent variable marketing. Identify the independent and dependent variables, and explain how they are related to one another. Some employees may also find the programs unfair or feel threatened by it, particularly when job security is low. Pdf organizational citizenship behavior ocb variable on. In organizational behavior, one example would be to measure.
It is called independent because its value does not depend on and is not affected by the state of any other variable in the experiment. The contingency theory explains that there are specific situational factors that can affect the direct relationships between independent and dependent variables in the study of organizational. The dependent variables dependent variable a response that is affected by an independent variable what organizational behavior. For example, if we have two independent variables, the two variables will interact with each other and produce different results than expected. Independent variables are those factors that are directly related to the organization and determine its overall success. Some key independent variables in positive ob research are. The effect of organizational citizenship behavior on. Participating in varsity athletics was the independent variable in my friends. The dependent variables contd job satisfaction a general attitude toward ones job, the difference between the amount of reward workers receive and the amount they believe they should receive. Organizational culture measures variable symbol measure on employee.
Sometimes you may hear this variable called the controlled variable because it is the one that is changed. Independent variables in ob the independent variable in ob are those factors that shape employee behaviors and attitudes i. Value is created by satisfied, loyal and productive employees. The methodology for conducting the study was the use of two quantitative instruments aimed at determining the relative contribution that the independent variables taskoriented or relationsoriented leadership behaviors have on the dependent variables the different dimensions of organizational climate. The hypothesis therefore, will explain whether there is any significant relationship between the independent variable and dependent variable. The dependent and independent variables in organization. The paper also explores how managers may benefit from understanding such variables. Establishing a functional relationship between the independent and the dependent variable is the primary focus of applied behavior analysis. By systematically varying some variables and measuring the effects on other variables, researchers can determine if changes to one thing result in changes in something else. Example summary iba, organizational behavior 20152016. Pdf the study of affect in the workplace began and peaked in the. A positive organizational scholarships study how organizations develop human strengths, foster vitality and resilience, and unlock potential. Organizational climate as a dependent variable relationship with role stress, coping strategy and personal variables avinash kumar srivastav abstract models for predicting motives of organizational climate from personal, role stress and coping strategy variables have been developed in this paper by using stepwise multiple regression. We will introduce important contingency variables that will improve the explanatory linkage between the independent and dependent variables in our ob model.
Behaviors are much easier to observe and measure than are attitudes. Profit and growth are stimulated directly and primarily by customer loyalty. Variables play a critical role in the psychological research process. The dependent variables in organizational behavior relate to direct productivity of an employee. To sum up our definition, ob is concerned with the study of what people do in. Organizational citizenship behavior ocb variable on employees. Be aware that the values of a dependent and independent variable could change as part of an experiment during recording phase. Before we can begin to choose our statistical test, we must determine which is the independent and which is the dependent variable in our hypothesis. Researchers who study organizational performance in this way typically devote little attention to the complications of using such a formulation to. The independent variable is the condition that you change in an experiment. Contingency variables a variable that affects the direction or strength of the relationship between the independent and dependent variables is called contingency variable. Based on a literature study, 8 independent variables have been selected to explore the relationships between the dependent variables, namely the six work value dimensions of. Dependent and independent variables are variables in mathematical modeling, statistical modeling and experimental sciences. Organizational behavior, student value edition plus 2014.
Participating in varsity athletics was the indepen. Strictly speaking, job satisfaction is an attitude. Independent variables are defined as a characteristic that we ones who are conducting the experiment manipulate to identify a particular factor. Independent variable an overview sciencedirect topics.
If the independent variable is a quantitative factor, given, e. Independent and dependent variables emory university. Identification of variables affecting employee satisfaction and their impact on the organization. Although mcguires 1980 model is an extreme example, there are clearly models being proposed that include more than a single mediator in the causal chain between independent and dependent variables. Bem carnegie institute o technology the assumption is often made that attitudes and beliefs cause the behaviors with which they are associated. Our dependent variable is always the phenomenon or behavior that we want to explain or predict. Identification of variables affecting employee satisfaction. There is an important difference between job satisfaction and the preceding four dependent variables.
The independent variables independent variables independent variable the presumed cause of some change in the dependent variable. Crossroadsorganizational performance as a dependent variable. Identifying variables, research purposes and hypotheses identifying variables for a research purpose begins as a set of questions and responses in your mind. May 24, 2011 the dependent variables contd job satisfaction a general attitude toward ones job, the difference between the amount of reward workers receive and the amount they believe they should receive.
The dependent variables as part of an organizational structure are turnover, absenteeism, job satisfaction etc be aware that the values of a dependent and independent variable could change as part of an experiment during recording phase the main. The following paper looks at the dependent and independent variables in organization behaviour and why it is important for managers to understand these variables. The dependent variables dependent variable a response that is affected by an independent variable what organizational behavior researchers try to understand. A engagement b apathy c despair d constraint e pessimism answer. Customer satisfaction is heavily influenced by customer perceptions of the value of services they receive. Brand awareness is one of the independent variable might affect the consumer purchase behaviour. Job satisfaction the operational definition chosen for this study was vanous and. Organizational behavior as an outcomeoriented field. According to the ob model discussed in the text book. In research, an independent variable is the variable that is the input and the dependent variable is the outcome or perceived outcome. The independent variables of importance when studying value and leadership. Pdf impact of organizational culture on organizational. The independent variables of importance when studying value and leadershiprelated research, will be discussed in this chapter.
At the macro level, the legacy has been one of descriptive empirical research e. Research variables dependent and independent variables. Job satisfaction job satisfaction has probably attracted more research than any other dependent variable in the field. Here are the definitions for independent and dependent variables, examples of each variable, and the explanation for how to graph them. An independent variable is the variable that the researchers systematically manipulate in the experiment. The statistical analyses of the study results show that all alternative hypotheses were supported and the null hypotheses were rejected.
Drawing on theory from organizational behavior, we examined two important features of. It is achieving goals by transferring inputs to outputs at the lowest cost. The dependent variables as part of an organizational structure are turnover, absenteeism, job satisfaction etc. Primarily, however, he focused on the conceptual grouping of the independent variables that explained these various types of police behavior e. The dependent variables in this study, namely workrelated values, locus of. The independent variables of research included dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior and the dependent variables included dimensions of organizational commitment. Most studies of organizational performance define performance as a dependent variable and seek to identify variables that produce variations in performance. In previous organizational justice research, justice has commonly been treated as the independent variable, but recently there has been growing interest in examining justice also as a dependent.
Dependent variables represent the output or outcome resulting from altering these inputs of the two, it is always the dependent variable whose variation is being studied, by altering inputs, also known. Organisational behaviour with examples, discuss dependent and. Other recent research has also helped to reopen the question of the causal relation between attitudes or beliefs and behavior e. Again the behavior becomes the independent rather than the dependent variable of the relationship. The independent variable and dependent variable marketing essay. Fallowing these 10 variables comes in this category. Researchers who study organizational performance in this way typically devote little attention to the complications of using such a formulation to characterize the causal structure of.
Organizational tests of the threepath mediated effect. Boxall and macky 11 report that, while the dependent variable in hpws is complicated, there is even greater difficulty with the independent variable. The independent variables of importance when studying value and leadershiprelated research, will. The fact about the independent variable is that the participants of the experiment do not change it.
If, however, the independent variable is a qualitative factor, e. Key ob dependent variables at university of southern. Assignment ob dependent and independent variables behavior. Many of these independent variables are outside the managers control, but managers must still be aware of these variables. Specific situational factors that can affect the direct relationships between independent and dependent variables in the study of organizational behavior. Because of its ease of measurement, as well as the continued dependence of the field on attitudinal surveys, satisfaction measures have played some role in a very large proportion of organizational research.542 1098 1096 117 224 1345 1075 256 462 85 1366 1004 130 1409 271 274 894 139 740 1417 72 1122 544 242 57 763 764 1268 701 1230 1248 239 221 1210 1021 107 682 1121 1419 550 650 692 1194 270